At the southern part of the state of Rajasthan is the city and municipality of Chittorgarh. Lying on the Berach River, the city is situated on the banks of Gambhiri and Berach. This is a place where history, literature, architecture come together to tell a great story of gods, mortals, love, and war.
This place is home to the benteng or fort that has inspired and given interest to travellers, academics, and historians from all over the world. Aside from the magnificent views and breathtaking features, this place has a great history that tells a great story of culture, heroism, faith, and glory. As the largest fort in all of India, the Chittor is a place that will certainly give visitors a lot of new knowledge on the country’s history and culture. In this fort, you will be able to see grand palaces, historical temples, and beautiful towers.
The fort of Chittor was under siege three times, between the 15th and 16th centuries. The thing that makes this place exceptional is its history of bravery of its people. In the battles that took place here, Jauhar was committed by ladies and children. Jauhar is an ancient Indian tradition of self immolation of women and men marching to the battlefield bravely.
Exploring the Chittorgarh Fort is a rewarding experience. Visitors will be able to see the ruins in a few hours, but being in the area for a whole day is recommended, to get oneself fully immersed in the history of the place. There is a circular road that will give visitors access to the attractions of the fort walls. There are a total of seven gates or “pol”. They are: Padan Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jodla Pol, Laxman Pol, and the Ram Pol.
The spots in the Chittorgarh Fort (which sits on top of a magnificent hill) that you must not miss are:
The Victory Tower, which was erected by Rana Khumba to commemorate his victory over over Mahmud Shah I Khalji. This is the spot where you’ll be able to get magnificent views of the town. At night, the place is illuminated and will definitely give you that sense of peace and astonishment. Also worth seeing is the Kirti Stambha or the Tower of Fame, a tower built by a merchant for a respected Kain teacher. Here, you will find many interesting detailed sculptures and religious figures.
The Rana Kumbha’s Palace is also a place that has different rich histories in its walls–one of the most important ones is that of Rani Padmini, the queen of Chittor who committed jauhar with other women. Take the Suraj Pol to get here, and be welcomed by an amazing courtyard and great views of its many balconies. If you like literature, you’ll be glad to know that poet Rani Meera Bai stayed here.
The Padmini Palace is the place that changed the shape of Chittor forever. Legend says that this is where ruler Alauddin Khilji was mezmerized by Rani Padmini, who was the wife of Maharana Rattan Singh. It’s been said that he fell in love with her beauty and decided to destroy the whole place just to be with her. The bitter end resulted to Maharana Rattan Singh getting killed and Queen Padmini committing jauhar. This white building surrounded by water could be found at the south of the fort.
Other sites that you’ll be able to access when you’re in this place are the beautiful surrounding temples. The ones that you must not miss are the Kalika Mata Temple (dedicated to Goddess Kali), the Kumbha Shyam temple; and the Tulja Bhavani temple (for worshipping goddess Tulja).
These are some of the most important spots that you must not miss in this great city. There are still lots more in store for visitors in this beautiful India attraction, and they’re all sure to inspire and open anyone’s imagination. The whole fort serves as a reminder of a culture that once existed, holding in its walls a history that has seemingly never been forgotten.