Australia is home to many unique creatures that have defined their culture and made them a famous destination for animal lovers all over the world. It is on this side of the world that will make both children and adults have the best time admiring fascinating animal species.
If you’re planning a trip that involves learning and seeing interesting wildlife, Australia is definitely one of the places you’d want to consider. This is a country where you can find egg-laying mammals, some of the world’s most dangerous animals, and the most venomous snakes in the world. To introduce you to some of Australia‘s most unique creatures, we’ve created a list that you might be interested in:
Monotremes – Platypus and Echidna
Instead of giving birth to live young, monotremes lay eggs. Australia is home to two of the only remaining monotremes in the world. The platypus, an egg-laying mammal, is one of the strangest creatures in the whole animal kingdom (it was so strange-looking that the first time it was discovered, they actually thought it was a hoax). The other monotreme living in Australia is the echidna pr spiny anteaters (not unlike porcupines and hedgehogs from South America).
Marsupials – Koalas and Kangaroos
Marsupials are mammals that give birth to undeveloped young. There are more than 100 species of marsupials in Australia–including koalas, wombats, and the Tasmanian devil (more on this later). Kangaroos, with their large hind legs, small heads, and for females–the marsupium or pouch. The wombats–the short-legged quadrupeds with short tails, are also found here, in forests and other mountainous areas of the country. Then there’s the koala, a wombat’s relative that has the large ears and sharp claw, which is also endemic to Australia.
Endangered animals – Tasmanian Devil
People who grew up in the 90s may have a bit of familiarity of this creature, as it’s depicted as Taz, a Looney Toones character represented as a short-tempered carnivore that spins and eats practically anything that he can lay his hands on. This depiction is not far from the real thing, as the real ones–the solitary, nocturnal, and carnivorous Tasmanian devils–are just as wild and threatening (one of the reasons why its name contains the world “devil”). The real Tasmanian devil, which is also a marsupial, is one of the most endangered species in Tasmania, an Australian island state. It was in 1909 when the first population decline happened, and since then more unfortunate events led to the dramatic reduction of their population.
Australia is also home to many types of dangerous creatures–some of the scariest and most lethal in the world. Some of the most dangerous animals in this country are the Saltwater crocodile, the world’s largest reptile that could reportedly grow up to 7 metres long; the Box Jellyfish or the Sea Wasp, which could stop cardio-respiratory functions in 3 minutes; the Blue Ring Octopus, which has a powerful and deadly venom; and the Tiger Snake, a venomous creature that is one of the most feared in the world.
Have you visited Australia and seen some of these creatures? These are just some of the most interesting ones that are unique to the country, and if you wish to add something, go ahead—we’d love to hear about your stories!